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Author Guidelines

While the University of Pittsburgh Law Review will accept submissions via this website, it is our strong preference that all articles be submitted via ExpressO (  This is the simplest and most efficient way for the editorial team to promptly review all submissions.

Cite your sources with footnotes rather than endnotes.  For citation format, please use The Bluebook, and for style, please refer to the Government Printing Office Style Manual (  Where there is conflict, please defer to The Bluebook.

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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission file is in Microsoft Word .doc format.
  2. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining; and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.  Please also include separate .jpeg or other image files for all images.

Copyright Notice

1.                   Author's Grant of Rights in Work to Journal.

a. The Author hereby grants to the Journal the right of first publication of the Work.

b. The Author hereby grants to the Journal and its agents the royalty-free, nonexclusive perpetual right and license to publish, archive, and make accessible the Work in whole or in part in all forms of media now or hereafter known under a Creative Commons 3.0 License (Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works), or its equivalent, which, for the avoidance of doubt, allows others to copy, distribute, and transmit the Work under the following conditions:

   i. Attribution-other users must attribute the Work in the manner specified by the Author  as indicated on the Journal's Website;

   ii. Noncommercial-other users (including the Journal) may not use this Work for commercial purposes;

   iii. No Derivative Works-other users (including the Journal) may not alter, transform, or build upon this Work; with the understanding that any of the above conditions can be waived by or with the permission of the Author and that where the Work or any of its elements is in the public domain or subject to re-use as a matter of fair use or fair dealing or otherwise under applicable law, that status is in no way affected by this grant of rights. 

c.  The Author authorizes the Journal to edit the Work prior to publication, but the Work shall not be published by the Journal unless it is acceptable in its final form to both the Author and the Journal.


2.                   Author's Retention of Rights in the Work.

a. The Author retains the copyright in the Work. 

b. The Author is permitted to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the nonexclusive distribution of the Journal's published version of the Work (e.g., post the Work to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), so long the subsequent publication contains an acknowledgement and credit of the first publication in this Journal.

c. The Author is permitted and encouraged to post online a manuscript of the Work in institutional repositories or on a Website prior to publication of the Work, including but not limited to repositories maintained and/or hosted by SSRN and Bepress.  The Author agrees on a best efforts basis to include with any such posting, upon publication of the Work, (i) a reference to the DOI (Digital Object Identifier, explained at assigned to the Work; (ii) a link to the online abstract for the final published Work in the Journal; and (iii) the citation to the published version of the Work.


3.            Author's Representations and Warranties

a. The Author represents and warrants that to the best of the Author's knowledge:

   i. the Work is the Author's original work, and the Author has the power to convey the rights granted in this Agreement;

   ii. the Author has not transferred, and will not transfer, exclusive rights in the Work to any third party;

   iii. the Work has not previously been published, in whole or in part, except as mutually agreed to in writing by both the Author and the Journal.

   iv. the Work contains no misrepresentation or infringement of the Work or property of other authors or third parties; and

   v. the Work contains no matter that is defamatory, violates an person's right of privacy, right of publicity, civil right, interest in confidential or proprietary information, or that is otherwise unlawful.

b. Upon the Journal's request, the Author agrees to furnish promptly to Journal, at the Author's own expense, written evidence of the permissions, licenses, and consents for use of third-party material included within the Work, except as determined by the Journal to be covered by the principles of fair use.

c. The Author agrees to indemnify and hold the Journal harmless from the Author's breach of any of the representations and warranties contained in this Paragraph 3, as well as any claim or proceeding relating to or deriving from the Journal's use and publication of any content contained in the Work, including third-party content


4.            Final Agreement

This Agreement constitutes the entire agreement between the Author and the Journal with respect to the publication and copyright of the Work.   Any modifications of or additions to the terms of this Agreement shall be mutually agreed to in writing by both Author and Journal. 



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